University of Helsinki Adjunct Professor of Environmental Theology in the Faculty of Theology
He researches the psychological and spiritual dimensions of environmental issues. In Finland, Pihkala has become known for introducing the concept of eco-anxiety. Eco-anxiety is where a person feels anxiety and hopelessness regarding environmental problems. Pihkala has published a number of books and research articles on the subject. In addition to research, he promotes environmental education and is an ordained minister.